The main objective of this study is to evaluate the potential of existing scour monitoring instruments through a thorough literature review and develop new instruments which can be used to monitor both scour and refill processes continuously. Only instruments that are fixed and can take continuous readings at specified time intervals will be considered. Data collection from the monitoring equipment is most crucial during floods and high flows as bridges are more susceptible during these events. Thus, the scour monitoring equipment must be able to measure bed level and scour depths accurately under adverse conditions when the flow has high turbidity and/or debris, which is common during most flood conditions. The set up should also relay real time data to appropriate authorities and decision makers.